Hard Red Winter Wheat is a modern wheat that has proven itself to be dependable and productive in Northern Indiana. It is considered to be fairly adaptable, and I have never lost a crop to extremely cold temperatures yet (winter-kill). It is higher yielding than Hard Red Spring Wheat, but more susceptible to drought. Excellent for bread making and very nutritious with 12.6% protein. One drawback is that the grain heads are not all the same height when mature which can make mechanical threshing less efficient. We plant around the end of September. Planting should always be done after what is called the “fly date”. This refers to a pest called the hessian fly which can infest wheat in the fall if planted too early. In Northern Indiana, the “fly date” is in mid-September. We hand broadcast the wheat over the top of the beds. You can fork it in to avoid the grain being eaten by birds. Irrigate the beds and you should have germinating wheat within a week. The plants will grow a little and then go dormant for the winter. We harvested this last summer’s wheat on July 6th. The wheat is bundled and brought into the drying shed or greenhouse for a few weeks before threshing. Traditionally this “curing” is done in the field by “shocking” the wheat, but Indiana summers sometimes experience heavy downpours of rain, which could cause mold growth in the seed heads. The grain is easily threshed by hand.