Carnaroli rice is a “risotto” type of rice grown in the northern Italy. The seed was sent to me from Italy last winter. There is a modern “improved” version of Carnaroli called “Karnak”. The seed I am offering (as I understand) is the old traditional strain that was bred in 1945 by crossing Vialone Nano and Lencino. This is a medium grain type. Risotto rice is higher in starch content that most other types. In addition, Carnaroli has a high amylose content, which allows the grain to keep its shape during slow cooking while absorbing liquid. It is highly prized in Italian cuisine and seems to be comfortably at home growing here in Northern Indiana.
Carnaroli is a later maturing variety than most of the varieties I offer. It is a month longer in maturing than the Duborskian. I set out 21 day old transplants at the end of May and harvested on October 8th. The yield was good but not as high as Loto or Vialone. I believe planting a week or two earlier might help to boost the yields. The key to rice maturity is not how many days it is in the field but rather how many days of hot weather it experiences when developing grain. I did try direct seeding some but it did not mature before freezing temperatures set in. The plants reached a height of about 30″ and produce a huge number of tillers; so many in fact, that it made harvest difficult as I could not put my hand around the base of the plant to grab it for cutting with the sickle. In any event, many of the tillers with grain were not fully mature when I harvested. If more had ripened before cold weather set in, I believe the yield could have easily doubled.