This peanut is also known as the “Wild Jungle Peanut”. They are originally from Ecuador. I have had a difficult time tracking down specific, historical information in regards to this variety. I received my initial seed stock from Bakers Creek’s, “Explorer Series”; collected by Joe Simcox. There are peanuts for eating available online sold as “Wild Jungle Peanuts” with the claim that they have no aflatoxins, like commercially grown peanuts. I believe these Fastigiata Pin Striped are the same peanut or closely related. Being farmed, and not harvested in the wild, these peanuts could contain aflatoxins if not properly dried. Follow the same recommendations you would follow for any peanuts.
I was surprised that these grew as well as they did here in Northern Indiana. They did not yield as well as the Valencia or Black peanuts, but still produced a reasonable amount of peanuts. I had to harvest a little early due to the threat of voles. Given another 3 weeks, the yields would most likely have doubled. The raw peanuts had a “sweet” rich flavor and were delicious boiled, as well as roasted. I plan to continue growing out this variety, and hopefully select for earliness and yield.
In Northern Indiana, I would plant no later than the last week of May. Peanuts can be started as plants indoors or direct seeded after all danger of frost has passed. If you live in the north, I would recommend starting Fastigiata Pin Striped indoors, 4 weeks before planting outside. Remove the seeds from the shells before planting. For direct seeding, plant 1″-2″ deep and 6″-12″ apart in rows or beds. Peanuts are slow to germinate, so be patient. Once the plant emerges keep well weeded, as peanuts grow slowly at first. By mid-summer, the plants will begin to flower and tendrils (fruiting penduncles) will emerge from the bottom of the branches and bury themselves into the soil. Each of these penduncles will grow into a peanut. At this time be careful when cultivating so as not to disturb or uproot the penduncles. For Fastigiata Pin Striped, I would recommend hilling up soil around base to plant. This will allow for the production of more peanuts. When the plant nears full maturity the leaves will begin to yellow. Some years I have had to pull my plants before this happens because of an early frost. Your yield will be less than at full maturity, but still well worth the effort. The harvested plants are laid out on benches and the peanuts sprayed with water to remove dirt. Allow to dry in the sun for a few hours, then bring the plants into a shed to dry for a week or so. When the plants are fully dry it is easy to remove the peanuts. Bring your peanuts indoors for another 4-6 weeks to continue the drying process before storage. Peanuts for eating or seed should be stored in their shells