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Primanychskij is a cultivar developed in Russia. I obtained my initial seed from Sylvia Davatz, Vermont. This variety was a real standout of the 2019 trials, as it produced some of the largest grains I have yet encountered. Primanychskij was grown using upland methods and had good yields nearing 10 pounds of paddy per 100 square foot.This variety was also grown in a part of my field that experiences mid afternoon shade, as it borders a southern wooded area. The yields could quite possibly have been greater in an area that experiences full sun, but I am finding that rice can tolerate some shade in either the morning or afternoon.
Primanychskij flowered 53 days from transplanting and started maturing 100 days from transplanting. The harvest period extended for nearly 2 weeks. This variety grew very upright to a height of 4 foot. It did have some minor lodging issues after periods of heavy rainfall. Primanychskij is a large grain brown rice (almost a long grain) that has short awns.
I dehulled 460 grams of Primanychskij which yielded 344 grams of rice (2 cups worth). Next I pearled the rice (removing 90% of the bran) using a Japanese kitchen top pearling machine. I cooked the rice up as as regular rice (not as sticky) and the result was delicious. This variety is likely more of a “medium grain” type as it was semi-sticky but held its shape. I utilized the rice the second day as “fried rice”. The result was excellent.
Rice seeds should be soaked in water 24 hours before planting. I start my plants indoors in April in plug flats, 50’s and transplant into beds after the last frost date. I recommend not leaving plants in flats for more than three weeks as the starts will yellow easily and weaken when root-bound. Here in Northern Indiana, I plant my rice plugs the last week of May. I plant into 4′ wide beds. This makes adding bird netting over the tops of the plants an easy chore using 5′ t-posts and twine. The plants are spaced 9″ apart in the beds. Upland rice requires about the same amount of water as corn, around 1″ per week during the growing season. The plants will begin to form seed heads in August. At maturity the rice husks will turn to a golden brown and the rice seed inside will be hard. I harvest in late September, cutting the whole plant and bundling into groups of 4. These bundles are then hung in my drying shed for a few weeks until the plant is fully dry. At this point threshing is easy by hand (pulling the grains off) or using a threshing machine. I use a treadle (foot) powered thresher. Rice has an inedible husk that needs to be removed before eating. The most primitive way to accomplish this is by pounding the grains with a stick or mallet on a wood surface (tree stump) in order to loosen the husks. There are small rice dehullers available but very difficult to locate. Brill Engineering offers online tutorials on how to build a small dehuller using easy to locate “off the shelf” parts. http://www.brillengineering.com/
- Alternative planting method. In the spring of 2017 I experimented with direct seeding rice into beds in late May. I had success with early maturing varieties. I recently learned that rice can be direct seeded even earlier; possibly at the beginning of May or late April. I would suggest you conduct some small trials if you are interested in this method. Weed management is critical early on for young rice seedlings!
- Primanychskij rice
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