Fall Planted Grains Now Available

I am now taking orders for my collection of fall planted cereal grains. All other seed will be available for purchase in mid November. Many of these, including new heritage rice and corn varieties are still in the field nearing maturity.

I had a great season with these fall planted wheat varieties, and the heritage landrace rye, Sangaste’, from Estonia. After 4 years of adaptation and selection I am beginning to see improvements in some of these varieties.

  • I do not ship outside of the US and I do not have larger quantities than the listed packet sizes.

Click here to go to the fall planted wheat.     WINTER WHEAT for FALL 2017

Click here to go to the Sangaste Rye              SANGASTE RYE

Posted in Fall Planted Cereal Grains, Grains, Heritage and Ancient Grains, Products, Uncategorized | Leave a comment

Ready To Take Orders for the 2017 Growing Season!

img_9416As I sit here typing this, outside, we are having the first snow of the season. The cold weather has been a little later than normal, and a lot like getting my website updated with all the new seed varieties for the coming season, 2017. I grew out a large number of new crops as trials this season, like lentils and a number of heritage and ancient wheat varieties. They did so well that I have enough seed to offer some to interested customers. A number of these new crops are not “tried and true” cultivars for my region, here in the Midwest, but I believe they are important enough to make available. I have added specific information to each crop’s corresponding page, listing them as “for preservation purposes”.

I have also added a number of new crops that are indigenous to the north, like Potawatomi Pole Beans and Potawatomi Rabbit Beans, as well as Mskigwat Flint Corn and Darwin John Flint Corn. These are already well acclimated to our growing conditions here in Northern Indiana. All are heirloom varieties from historical Native American farmers here in the upper Midwest and New England.

I have also added 6 new varieties of rice from Japan, China and Italy. The two cultivars img_8789from Italy, Loto and Vialone, are both “risotto type” rice. All six of these performed superbly. I also have a rice variety, Hayayuki, suited for growing in zone 4!

These are just a few of the new offerings for this season, as well the best of the previous seasons, like Kwintus Beans and Styrian Pumpkins, to name just a few. It has been a real stretch on my time and sanity to add this much new material, but I believe it was well worth it. All of this years crops produced great under difficult weather conditions. We had a 2 month drought in the spring, followed by one of the wettest summers on record. Overall, it is a real testament to the resilience of these heirloom and heritage, open-pollinated crops!

John Sherck

Posted in Grains, Heritage and Ancient Grains, Legumes, Rice | 6 Comments

Tombstones, Mummies, Vomit-toxin and Beer?

Hourani Wheat infected with FHB

Hourani Wheat infected with FHB

Tombstones, Mummies, Vomitoxin, – three words that are not readily associated with a crusty loaf of bread or a frothy glass of beer. In truth, these are four words used when discussing a common plant disease which can threaten cereal grains like wheat and barley. This potentially devastating disease is caused by the fungus, Fusarium graminearum. Farmers refer to its presence in a field of wheat as Fusarium Head Blight or FHB. I became aware of the potential threat of this disease two seasons ago while conducting grain trials here on my farm in Northern Indiana. The unusually wet spring of 2014, brought the significance of this disease to my attention as I began to notice some tell-tale signs of infection on certain wheat varieties. This last season (2015) brought even more excessive and frequent rains throughout the spring and especially throughout the month of June. Prolonged, rainy and humid conditions are prime for the development and spread of FHB. Needless to say, with22 varieties of wheat and barley in field trials, the disease reared its ugly head again, and this time with a fury! The purpose of this post is to talk about the real threat this disease poses to the overall yield of cereal grains in the US and abroad, and to discuss one incredible tool sustainable farmers are utilizing to address this threat, the reintroduction of Heritage and Ancient grains.

Let me briefly explain the terms I used in this post’s header. They are common words amongst farmers, agricultural researchers, and the food industry which handles and processes grain crops, yet they are virtually unknown to consumers who purchase end products like bread and beer. Firstly, the soil-born fungal disease, Fusarium Head Blight also goes by the lovely name, “Scab” or “Head Scab”. Many healthy stands of wheat and barley may contain small amounts of infection. The real problem comes during prolonged periods of moisture, humidity, and warm weather. If these conditions occur during the flowering period and consecutive grain fill (that is when the pollinated kernels of grain begin to fillout after flowering) then the potential for more severe infection and spread increases. Affected grain heads appear as partially or totally bleached in color. There can

Pinkish Orange FHB Spores

Pinkish Orange FHB Spores

also be the distinctive pinkish-orange color on the grain spikelets. These are the fungal spores. Fields infected with scab can have lower yields and poor kernel development. These small misshapen kernels of infected grain are referred to as “Mummies” and/or “Tombstones”. Lastly, the term “Vomitoxin” (pronouced as vomit-toxin) refers to the mycotoxin “deoxynivalenol” which can be present in infected grain. The name is due to the fact that consuming this toxin in high levels can cause one to vomit, (people who drink to much beer frequently vomit, but usually not after the first glass). The industry has discouraged the use of the term vomitoxin, and prefers the more friendly sounding term, DON, (an acronym for deoxynivalenol). Grain infected with FHB, that does not necessarily mean that the mycotoxin, DON, is present. DON is not considered to be carcinogenic in low doses and the industry has high standards for screening to keep our food supply of wheat and barley free of any dangerous levels of this toxin.

The FDA has set the allowable amount of DON present in finished grain for human consumption at 1 ppm (part per million). For animal feed the threshold is between 5ppm and 10ppm, depending on how the grain is used in feed rations. In the case of the presence of DON, infected grain can be run through a seed cleaner, like a fanning mill or gravity table, to reduce the amount of mycotoxin to a level that is suitable for food grade. These are just some of the facts as I understand them. The primary point I am trying to make is that this disease, which thrives during wet spring/summer conditions, is on the rise due to global weather weirdness. The agricultural industry considers this to be a serious problem. A increase in the frequency of spring and summer precipitation for the grain belt (that is what NOAA predicts), could spell trouble if no solid solutions for FHB are found. This could lead to a very hefty increase in overall food prices, and even worse, the global threat of more expensive beer!!

Grain Trials 2015

Grain Trials 2015

This last season I was presented with the perfect storm for FHB exposure to my grain trials. The whole midwest experienced excessive rain amounts. In some cases, like here in Northern Indiana , the rainfall hit record breaking totals for the months of May and June. I plant my barley and spring wheat varieties at the very beginning of April. The majority of varieties, including the winter wheat, begins flowering in June (with the exception of my Black Einkorn Wheat, it flowers about a month later). My records show that last June (2015) it rained 16 days out of 30. Four of those were extremely heavy downpours, which can lead to another problem called lodging (grain stalks fall over). I knew by the middle of June that FHB was going to be a major issue. On the one hand it was the absolute worst year to attempt wheat and barley trials. On the other hand, it was the best case scenario for trialing. I could not have created these extreme weather conditions in a lab or university greenhouse, and I got fantastic data on disease, lodging, and yield! Many of the new trials like White Einkorn and Dylan Wheat were major disappointments. Others though, like my strain of brown Einkorn, Banatka Wheat, Red Fife, and Turkey Red did quite well. All the heritage barley varieties did well, and I have a lot of confidence that the Sardinian Barley will be a real “stand-out”!

The increase of disease pressure due to extreme weather events continually pushes me to consider heritage and ancient grain varieties. Farmers in the past have bred and adapted cultivars of wheat that are tolerant to fusarium and other diseases depending upon the diverse geographical regions in which they were developed. Many of these varieties have been lost due to factors like neglect of seed lines and apathy in lieu of more “advanced” cultivars. In light of the loss of such important genetic treasures, it is promising to know there still exists a great number of these varieties tucked away in government and university maintained seed banks around the globe. We are also learning that many of these heritage land-races are still being cultivated by small farmers in both East and West Europe, across Asia, and any other place where wheat had been historically grown and allowed to adapt. Sustainable farmers have the option to look to modern-bred varieties of cereal grains, but they also have the option to tap into these already adapted heritage and ancient varieties that have a diverse gene pool. For me, either of these options makes sense as long as the development of new varieties is accomplished through traditional plant breeding techniques. There are some great current breeding programs underway with an eye for developing new varieties for sustainable and organic farmers. I am especially encouraged by the numerous paticipatory breeding projects where farmers are in the drivers seat! On the other hand, genetically-engineered seed promise the potential for high yields, but is developed to be grown in concert with inputs like chemical fertilizers, herbicides, and pesticides. The current strategy in conventional agriculture for dealing with FHB does take into account the importance of proper tillage and crop rotation, and stresses the need for planting disease-resistant varieties, but it is also beginning to rely more and more on the use of fungicides. Traditionally, dryland wheat and barley farmers rarely resorted to the use of fungicides, but with the increasing occurrence of foliar diseases like leaf rust and FHB, such spraying is becoming automatic.

Heritage and Ancient grains were selected over long periods of time to produce sucessfully

Sardinian Barley

Sardinian Barley

under difficult conditions. They were also adapted to less fertile soils (or should I say, normal soils not pumped up on chemical fertilizers) and dryland farming. What farmers in antiquity accomplished over generations of observation and careful selection, modern corporate agriculture is attempting to do in just a few years. Shortcuts usually do not pay off in the long run, unless of course, the pay off comes via the sale of corporation owned proprietary seed lines, sold in conjunction with corporate fertilizers and pesticides.

While the threat of Head Scab and the dangers of Vomitoxin loom, understand that plant disease is only one of the many problems farmers will face in the near future due to unpredictable weather cycles and extreme weather events. Overlooked and forgotten Heritage and Ancient grain varieties may hold some of the answers to these problems. Not to mention the possibility of great flavor and nutrition. That is a whole other story……

This post will have to be presented in two parts. I am eager to delve into the Heritage and Ancient grains varieties themselves. There is a lot more to the story than Einkorn, Spelt and Emmer.

Posted in Grains, Heritage and Ancient Grains, Uncategorized | Tagged | 1 Comment

Late Winter Update, 2016

IMG_5250There is a noticeable change on my website for this coming spring; the absence of a list of plants intended for sale. This is no error. I am not selling plants this spring. As my involvement in variety trials and seed saving expands, I find that I do not have the time to raise plants to sell here at my farm and at the local farmers market. Last spring was extremely challenging, to say the least, as I strived to get all my crops planted, and take care of thousands vegetable starts. I have decided to pool all of my energy and time into working with the seed lines I currently have, and trialing out new heritage and heirloom varieties, with an eye towards finding crops that work well here in my region. The absence of spring plants will only affect my local customers, as I do not ship live plants via my website.

After three seasons working with various grains and legumes, I feel I have a solid, basic selection that has consistently performed well under difficult conditions. These varieties I intend to continue growing out and selecting for attributes like:  early maturity, disease resistance, extreme weather tolerance, etc., and plan to continue to offer these as seed through this website. This would include varieties like Kwintus Pole Beans (a customer favorite), Einkorn and Banatka wheat, all of the heirloom soybeans listed this year, etc.. The list would encompass most of what is currently available on this website, although I have dropped a few items in the past 2 years. Things like cotton and moth beans, which proved to be not well-suited for the North.

Aside from maintaining the lines I have been working with, I am also planning to trial out a few new crops, like lentils (8 varieties), Cowpeas (4 varieties), garbanzo beans and fava beans. I am also raising 6 new varieties of heritage, cold tolerant rice; 2 lowland varieties and 4 upland varieties. The Duborskian Rice has done well for me here in a zone 5b, but it has proven challenging for folks in regions with cooler summers and shorter seasons. One of these new cultivars ripens in 95 days and is suitable for zone 4. That would be amazing!

Wheat has continued to prove difficult for me here in Northern Indiana, given the excessive rainfall during the spring and early summers of the past two seasons. I have located a few landrace varieties from Eastern Europe (Georgia), Tsiteli Doli, Dika and     Timopheevii. These were brought to my attention by an article written by Eli Rogsa , of The Heritage Grain Conservancy. In SARE funded trials conducted in the North East (2013), these Georgian wheats were totally free of Fusarium, even in excessively wet seasons. In addition, they are reported to have great rich flavor for baking. Plant breeders have used these wheats for years in developing, new cultivars of disease-resistant wheat. What has been neglected is the possibility of growing the landraces themselves, as some small farmers continue to do in Georgia.  I received some of my seed from the USDA’s Small Grains Collection (NSGC), as well as some from a long standing SSE member in Vermont.  I also have located seed for a promising strain of einkorn that is supposed to be easily dehulled without special equipment. That would be a real find for both small scale farmers and homesteads! There are a number of other cereal grains I am planning to trial out this season. I will discuss them in a future post.

I will be growing a millet variety with the extremely-rare glutinous-trait (amylopectin starch). It is a landrace variety from Japan, called Tobi Bread Millet.  I am planting this out along with an interesting short season (75 days) “grain” sorghum  and  two “popping” sorghum varieties. Most of the sorghum varieties I have grown in the past averaged 110 – 120 days to maturity.  These may prove to be good options for zone 4!

These are just a few, of this upcoming seasons projects. I am working to streamline my

Darwin John Corn

Darwin John Corn

data keeping for future variety trials. I want to be able to share more precise information about each crop, on this website. In the last two years, I have made some wonderful connections with other grower/researchers working on similar projects. I have been able to share a lot of my seed and data with these folks, and have received a lot of great seed and knowledge in return. There is also the opportunity now to duplicate some trial plots in multiple regions, with different soil types, and variances of climate. These would all be reflective of Northern regions, extending from the Northern Plains, through the Great Lakes Region and into the North Eastern parts of the US. I am also hoping to get feed back on some of my varieties from farmers who have the ability to conduct larger field trials than I am able to do. That will add a whole new layer of meaningful data to help me and other folks determine suitable staple crops for their gardens, homesteads, and small scale farms!

I could go on but I will simply end with a, Thanks!  Thanks, to all my customers and partners in this endeavor to bring back bio-diversity and common sense to agriculture. My primary goal is to locate, trial, increase seed stock, and make these incredible, overlooked varieties available to gardeners and farmers!!

John

 

 

Posted in Grains, Legumes, Rice, Spring Plants, Uncategorized | 9 Comments

Ready For The 2016 Growing Season

IMG_5191I have finally completed all the updates to my website and am ready to take orders, help with questions, and connect with new growers worldwide. This is my 25th year growing plants as a business. In that time I have morphed somewhat; having started with truck-patch farming, took a year off to work on somebody else’s organic farm, tried my hand at flowers for arrangements (which I absolutely adored), added vegetable starts, grew an orchard, (which is now someone else’s orchard), delved into medicinal plants and perennial vegetables, and finally turned my attention to staple crops like grains and dry beans. Four years ago, I stumbled into the place I should have started with:  seeds. I believe I got my cart before the horse, but I am finally here (I think). This website represents the culmination of all that morphing and learning. The truth is, for every 1o things about sustainable agriculture I learn, I realize there is 100 more to figure out. The last three years of operating this website has allowed me to meet new growers in my own backyard, meet growers from across the United States, and meet growers from around the Globe! I never expected that.  With these folks, I have offered my insights and answers to questions, but in truth, I have learned more than I have given. Thank you, customers, acquaintances, and new friends. I am especially happy about all the unexpected packages that have showed up on my doorstep, filled with seed for unexpected varieties that I am slowly growing out and making available.

This season was difficult. Extreme weather, which is no stranger to anyone, anywhere, anymore, created a lot of anxiety during the growing season. In the end, the vast majority of my crops did well and I have bunches of high-quality seed. Some crops were complete failures but they should return again next year ( I have a large freezer filled with samples of all my varieties and “seed to be trialed”, for long term storage, kind of a mini Svalbard Seed Vault).

For 2016 I have a number of new crops like Fastigiata Pin Striped Peanuts, Bere barley IMG_5214(make some Viking Beer!), Wild Pea of Umbria, Gaspe Corn ( a dwarf, super early flint corn grown by the Micmac Indians circa. 1500’s), Julian’s Chile Caballo, rocoto pepper from Guatemala, and a few others. I have also increased my stock of heirloom barley varieties and heirloom soybeans. I am able to offer larger quantities for these important staple crops. There are a few varieties listed as “available soon”; these are still waiting their turn for germination testing. Once complete, they will be available for purchase in a few days.

You will notice some changes in my price structure. Most seed varieties are the same price as last year. Some are the same price but with increased amounts. I have raised the price on a few varieties by 50 cents (this is so I can pay for my Yacht!). I work very hard to keep my offerings affordable. My shipping rate is still a flat $4.50 for all orders.

Thanks for your support!

John

 

Posted in Grains, Peanuts, Perennial Vegetables, Uncategorized | 3 Comments

2015 A Difficult Season with Unexpected Results

Another season is drawing to a close and am I ever so ready for some rest from working in the fields. This year I planted more area than ever before, primarily because I had so many new crops to trial out. I did have some extra help which made getting all this done possible. Special thanks to Patricia and Ben.

The initial plan was to trial out a number of heirloom barley and wheat varieties. This has IMG_5013always been the weakest link in my attempt to grow out as many staple crops as possible. Cereal grains can be very tough here in Northern Indiana. Our wet springs and variable temperature swings can wreak havoc on pollinating and maturing grains like rye, wheat, barley, and oats, not to mention lodging, due to heavy rain fall and wind. These crops traditionally have been raised in areas which are more arid, but due to the droughts in the West and increasing unstable weather patterns in other parts of the US, farmers are beginning to look at more diversification, outside of the crops they traditionally grow. This trend is national and global. My hope is to play a tiny role in this process, by helping to locate and determine the feasibility of certain crops that could be grown in my community. This year, as well as last year, have proven to be challenging to cereal crops. They were two of the wettest springs in my memory. In actuality, this provided the “best case scenario” for trialing out heirloom grains like Hourani Wheat, Turkey Red Wheat, and Sardinian Barley, just to name a few. The continually wet conditions eventually brought on an outbreak of scab and other minor foliar diseases. Of the 23 varieties I grew, only a handful did well. Early on (especially in June, when we had 16 rainy days) I would have felt lucky to find one wheat and one barley variety to consider for growing out in 2016. As it turned out, after harvesting and threshing all of my cereal crops, I now anticipate there may be a couple of wheat varieties that did great, and as many as 5 barley varieties showing great promise. I still have  some testing to do for DON (the toxin which can be present when you have an outbreak of scab). Once I have all this data, I will make my results available in a future post.

Another goal was to plant some multi-cropping plots and test out growing 7 different crops all in the same space. I got the idea for this from reading about the Baranaja cropping system of the Himalayas and the Pannendu Pantalu system of the IMG_5228Deccan region in India. Basically, it is a variation on the three-sisters method utilized by Native Americans. I planted 4 types of millet (Pearl, Foxtail, Proso and Japanese Barnyard) along with Painted Mountain corn and Dale Sorghum. I also seeded 2 types of legumes into these beds. One bed got Red Ripper cowpeas and the other, Moth beans. I was not sure this project would be possible back in May, when my soil was to wet to plant. A large portion of my fields went unplanted and eventually were sown with a buckwheat cover crop. I had planned on a large plot for the multi-cropping system, but had to settle for 2 100 square foot beds. Enough to test and learn a few things.  I plan an update on this once all the crops have matured. Exciting stuff if you are a farm “geek” like me.

I also continued my trials of heirloom soybeans. Another year of seeing how they perform and a substantial increase in my seed stock. I will be able to offer larger packets of seed for some of these incredibly important staple crops.

I am currently wrapping up the fall harvest which should be finished around October 1st. I plan to have seed, ready to sell, around Thanksgiving. I will put up a post when the website is updated. I am changing my business name from “Sherck’s Heirloom Vegetables, Plants

Gaspe Corn

Gaspe Corn

and Seed” to simply “Sherck’s Seed”. I no longer sell produce (knock on wood) and am growing fewer and fewer plants to sell in the spring. I want to devote all of my energy into continuing with adapting and growing out seed. I will also have a few new crops to offer for 2016, Gaspe corn, Fastigiata Pin Striped peanuts, wild soup peas “Pisum Arvense Roveja Di” and Egusi watermelon (grown for their super delicious and nutritious, protein packed seed). There are a few others, like the Sardinian Barley ( I believe this one will prove to be a highly adaptable and vigorous! ), which I plan to grow out again next spring to increase my seed stock, and begin to offer seed the following year.

Again, thanks for your interest and support.

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The Amazing Diversity of Cereal Grains

Einkorn Wheat

Einkorn Wheat

It has been a while since I have posted anything, chiefly because I have been swamped with work this spring and early summer. Another challenging year as I expected, with weather extremes to boot. I stopped a little early today after being frustrated trying to scuttle hoe crops in wet, gooey clay soil. Not the best conditions to hoe in as one is likely to simply move the weed an inch or so, where it will simply take root again in the presence of all that moisture. So, instead of whining about how tough it is to farm in the presence of EWEs (extreme weather events), I thought it would be refreshing to touch on something extremely inspiring as well as critical for the future of food in the years to come; the incredibly rich diversity among the cereal grains:  rye, oats, barley, and specifically wheat.

Many years ago, I became hooked on open-pollinated, heirloom seed. My head nearly exploded when I read through my first Seed Savers Exchange Yearbook! I simply could not believe how many different types of tomatoes there were. Incredible varieties neglected by

Red Fife Wheat

Red Fife Wheat

garden centers and grocery stores across the country. A little deeper into the world of heirlooms and you soon discover that this heritage of diverse foods extends to every garden veggie imaginable. From peas and lettuce to peppers, eggplant, and more obscure crops like cardoon and ground cherries. Of course this mind bomb extends deep into the pantheon of fruit cultivars. 5,000 distinct apple varieties and still counting?

Take this whole bit about extreme diversity  to a place less common in our way of thinking as gardeners, homesteaders, and culinary consumers: grains as heirlooms? Overlooked for the wealth of diversity by most because few of us experience grains up close in a tangible way. Most see grain fields from a distance from the highways or we experience grains as a finished product like flour, pasta, or breakfast cereal. Once you start growing a crop like wheat in the back yard, you

Milagre Wheat

Milagre Wheat

will quickly discover what a fascinating garden plant it is (as well as all the other cereal grains). I have discovered that the diversity of grains is as exciting and inspiring as the vast number of tomato varieties there are to choose from. Like veggies, grains come in a great variance of sizes, colors, and flavors, as well as a broad number of varieties bred for specific uses ( hard wheats for breads and soft varieties for pasta, cakes, and cookies). Wheat grains can be white, black, red, yellow, brown, purple, and even blue-ish. Some are high in protein, and gluten content varies greatly from variety to variety. Some varieties only grow 2′ tall and others can surpass 8′ in ideal conditions. There is wheat bred for bulgur, baking, beer, and thatch for roofs in England. And of course, there is a complexity of flavor characteristics and textures closely tied to the many culinary uses.

I thought I would share a few photos of the wheats I have been growing this season. You can quickly see how different they are from one to another. These are all immature, and

Winter Dinkel Wheat

Winter Dinkel Wheat

the stark differences (and beauty of each variety) are more noticeable when they reach maturity and are ready to harvest. I might add, that cereal grains, like wheat and barley, take on a whole new class when defining heirloom. Most heirloom tomatoes, for example, can be dated back to the early 20th century and 19th century, with a portion dating back hundreds of years. Grains are usually classified as heritage ( early 19th century going back to the Middle Ages) and ancient (some like Emmer and Einkorn wheat can be traced back 5,000 years or older). From my research there exists 30 distinct species of wheat, and some 30,000 varieties. Of course the true number is

Globe Wheat

Globe Wheat

probably much larger, but keep in mind that many varieties have disappeared altogether, while others, like Hourani and Jaljuli, were near the brink of extinction when smart folk, like Eli Rogosa, brought them to light and encouraged farmers to grow them (Check out The Heritage Wheat Conservancy). Other rare varieties have been kept by seed banks like the USDA and CIMMYT in Mexico. I have one strain of Hourani gleaned from the USDA seed bank as well as Jaljuli from CIMMYT. There are also many excellent seed companies (like me, just a bit bigger) who are offering many of these wonderful varieties, Bountiful Gardens, Sustainable Seed Company, etc. If you want the real, radical approach, please check out KUSA Seed Society. This is not a seed company but rather a source for the rare

Banatka Wheat

Banatka Wheat

and uncommon. Lorenz Schaller has been the impetus behind this organization’s mission to save and secure some of these precious grains. I have gotten many of my varieties from KUSA, and am now growing them out in third year trials.

I believe that we are living in a time when 2 major issues face us in regards to food security. Namely, an ever-growing population of hungry humans who deserve to be fed. Secondly, we face “Global Climate Weirding” Call it what you may, but weather, weed, insect, and disease pressures are mounting. I personally

believe that the solutions to these problems will not be worked out in a corporate laboratory, where profit and share holdings are the driving forces behind meeting these challenges. Instead, I believe, emphatically, that the solutions will come from tapping into all the available plant diversity, from grains to veggies and medicinals, to fiber and oil crops! The traits in staple crops that we are seeking:  disease resistance, drought resistance, wet soil resistance, and so forth, all ready exist. They do not need to be created in a lab and marked as proprietary!

Hourani Wheat

Hourani Wheat

 

 

Happy Weeding

John

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Spring Tomato and Pepper Plants

I am ready to begin offering my heirloom tomato and pepper plants at our roadside stand IMG_4756starting this upcoming weekend. I have 70 varieties of tomatoes and about 30 different pepper varieties, both sweet and hot. I have added a number of new and RARE varietals like the Bali tomato from Indonesia, Brazillian Beauty tomato and the Tatar of Mongolstan, to name but a few. I also have a nice collection of new “black” tomatoes, including Black Cherry,  renowned  for rich, complex flavor! In the pepper department, I have a great collection of Native American peppers from the Southwest and Northern Mexico: Negro De Valle, Cochiti and Kori Sitikame. I have grown all of these in the past and they are excellent for authentic NuMex and Mexican dishes! Aside from the peppers and tomatoes, I also have a solid selection of IMG_4751perennial vegetables that can handle -20 degrees and produce wonderful root crops and spring/summer greens. This would include Skirret root, Good King Henry and Seacale. I am open 7 days a week from around 8 in the morning, until around 7 at night. My stand is self serve, so bring cash or a check book. Happy and productive planting for 2015!

John

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Regional Seed Bank Proposal

Kulli 1I have created a group on Facebook called Michiana Community Seed Bank.

If you live local and would like to be apart of the discussion go ahead and join. This is just a starting point. It is not “my” project, but rather a project that I would support and grow seed for.

Any input is welcome, and you do not have to be local to join in the discussion. This may be a great place to learn about starting a seed bank in your community.

John

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Regional Seed Bank for Northern Indiana?

IMG_4232I put the feelers out yesterday on facebook about the idea of some type of regional seed bank for our area here in Northern Indiana. There was some definite enthusiastic interest. I would not necessarily want to limit folks interested to just Northern Indiana. The idea would be a seed bank that reflects a similar climate and zone (5). This could include growers in Michigan, Central Indiana, Northern Illinois, and Ohio, etc. Once something got rolling, people could pull it in a little tighter to reflect their particular community.

There are many existing models for Community Seed Banks out there to learn from. I know we have a dedicated group of seed savers and swappers here in South Bend. The idea of a seed bank would be similar in some ways yet more specific in purpose. That purpose would be forward looking in regards to “seed security” and focused primarily (at least at first) on basic foods we all love to eat, and grow in our gardens. These would be tried and true varieties well adapted (or adaptable) to our region. 100% open-pollinated and sustainably grown on farms, gardens, and porches in pots. Start by focusing on a particular class of vegetables, say cucumbers. Identifying varieties that have proven to grow well in our area, are delicious, nutritious, and tolerant to the types of disease and insects we all have encountered in our growing spaces. As a seed farmer, one of my initial goals was to start raising, for example Marketmore cucumbers, which I personally believe are delicious and productive when raised here in Northern Indiana, for seed as well eating. I had always purchased my seeds for this variety from Bountiful Gardens in Willits California. The idea of growing the seed here, year after year, will allow for this excellent variety to become even better adapted to our climate, rainfall, storms, insect pressure, diseases, etc. Within a few generations, my Marketmore cucumber seed would begin to “regionalize”. With “selection”, I could, over time, improve the variety. ADAPTATION-SELECTION-REGIONALIZATION!

The idea of a local Seed Bank has been in my head for a long time. As my little seed business grows I am keenly aware of my limitations; what one guy can grow on 28,000 square feet of bed space. Because of the potential for cross pollination, I am restricted to raising only one cucumber (I chose Marketmore, but there are many other delicious possibilities to choose from), I can raise only 2 peppers (they require 500′ between varieties, one melon, one squash variety from each of the 4 species, etc. It bothers me that all seed other than what I can grow, comes from other parts of the country with very different climates. Some of the bigger seed houses import their seed from China. This seems risky to me. I want to know that I will have access to all this diversity in the future! And why not make that diverse plethora of available varieties, pre-adapted to my climate?

In a nutshell here is my proposal. as a group, create a list of garden vegetables, grains, legumes, and herbs that are essential to the meals we eat and love. Join forces on saving seed for these varieties by “adopting” one or more varieties to grow and save seed from. You would become the caretaker for that variety! There would and should be more than one caretaker for any specific variety. Believe me, in most cases, saving an abundance of seed will not reduce the amount of that particular vegetable you will have to eat. Let folks choose what they love to grow and what they are confident in growing. The Seed Bank does not have to be centralized and there will be NO government involvement, what-so-ever! Seed will be available to anyone in our communities, as long as it is available. Growers would agree to keep some seed back, in the freezer, as an insurance policy! I would be willing to house a back up, to the back up. I am set up for it already and I would keep my business interests separate from the Seed Bank interests.

These are just a few of my ideas. I am open to any input whatsoever. This is not MY project, just a project I would love to be involved in. I am considering starting a facebook group in regards to this. I hate to keep using the Eat Wild group, as this is not necessarily in their “specific” purpose. It could be a Google plus group? Whatever. Give me some feedback, as planting time is just around the corner.

John

 

 

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